Monthly Engineering Horizons



May 07
08:29 2019

Control-room instrumentation has made some amazing progress from the times of drag pens on paper outline recorders and physically tuning temperature circles with trim pots. The vast majority of these instruments were extensive and substantial steel-cased units that performed satisfactorily for that time. As a matter of fact, a portion of these instruments may even now be being used in certain offices in the event that they have been well dealt with.

As time walked on, instrumentation decreased and lighter, developed of effect safe plastic cases and high-thickness semiconductors. Documenting information was less and less a pen-and-paper action and more an activity in controlling Excel spreadsheets and scrambled information records. Controllers could tune themselves and started actualizing fundamental man-made brainpower calculations. With this new development, what is next in the field of instrumentation?

Wireless Technology

Wireless communication, or sometimes simply wireless, is the transfer of information or power between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor. The most common wireless technologies use radio waves. With radio waves distances can be short, such as a few meters for Bluetooth or as far as millions of kilometers for deep-space radio communications. It encompasses various types of fixed, mobile, and portable applications, including two-way radios, cellular telephones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and wireless networking. Other examples of applications of radio wireless technology include GPS units, garage door openers, wireless computer mice, keyboards and headsets, headphones, radio receivers, satellite television, broadcast television and cordless telephones. Somewhat less common methods of achieving wireless communications include the use of other electromagnetic wireless technologies, such as light, magnetic, or electric fields or the use of sound.

Remote permits process sensors to transmit information to instrumentation without the requirement for wires. Your procedures and offices will figure out what kind of remote innovation you can utilize. ISA100 innovation is a versatile, dependable and secure stage intended for office tasks with the capacity to deal with one to 500 gadgets. For instance, Yokogawa’s YTMX is a battery-worked, eight-channel ISA100 remote temperature transmitter intended to quantify and transmit temperature focuses to information gathering and control gadgets. The unit has a tough outside that is blast evidence and can be effectively field-mounted on a pipe without the requirement for a board. The information is sent to an ISA100 remote door some place in the office – inside 600 meters – which, thus, makes the information accessible to a system where control and recording gadgets can gather it.

The preferred standpoint to this sort of innovation is self-evident. There are no wires to run. The decrease of clamor because of the wires not being kept running in a link plate is a noteworthy arrangement, and the signs are for the most part computerized and are not vulnerable to commotion. Separation is likewise a noteworthy preferred standpoint on the grounds that there is no physical association between the instrument and the procedure.

Touch Screen

A touchscreen, or touch screen, is an input device and normally layered on the top of an electronic visual display of an information processing system. A user can give input or control the information processing system through simple or multi-touch gestures by touching the screen with a special stylus or one or more fingers. Some touchscreens use ordinary or specially coated gloves to work while others may only work using a special stylus or pen. The user can use the touchscreen to react to what is displayed and, if the software allows, to control how it is displayed; for example, zooming to increase the text size.

The touchscreen enables the user to interact directly with what is displayed, rather than using a mousetouchpad, or other such devices (other than a stylus, which is optional for most modern touchscreens). Touchscreens are common in devices such as Nintendo game consolespersonal  computerselectronic voting machines, and point of sale (POS) systems. They can also be attached to computers or, as terminals, to networks. They play a prominent role in the design of digital appliances such as personal digital assistants (PDAs) and some e-readers.

Yokogawa’s Smart DAQ+ is one such gadget that offers numerous new highlights, including a smart contact screen. Yokogawa’s new resistive touch-screen innovation can detect swipe, snap and drag and permits two-point squeeze for focusing in on basic information. Clients can rapidly enter heater cluster data and instant messages with the on-screen console. Group runs can likewise be marked or noted by the administrator with a stylus pen, similarly as though they were composing on a paper diagram. One of the real preferences to this kind of innovation is the instinctive utilization of the item, which decreases the expectation to absorb information of utilizing this sort of instrument and the reception by staff in utilizing the item. Numerous individuals have experience utilizing contact screens on their PDAs and tablets, and instruments like the Smart DAQ+ become an expansion of that.

Cyber Security

Computer security, cyber security or information technology security (IT security) is the protection of computer systems from theft or damage to their hardwaresoftware or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. The field is growing in importance due to increasing reliance on computer systems, the Internet and networks such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, and due to the growth of “smart” devices, including smartphonestelevisions and the various tiny devices that constitute the Internet of things. Due to its complexity, both in terms of politics and technology, it is also one of the major challenges of the contemporary world.

The capacity to convey to the instrumentation introduced on the shop floor isn’t only an extravagance any longer. The need to screen, control and record process information naturally is currently a necessity for you and for clients who are requesting it. Be that as it may, with the comfort of systems administration your instruments comes the danger of digital assaults, in this manner the requirement for security. In 2010, we in the modern and procedure mechanization fields perceived how unsafe the Stuxnet worm was. This malware was intended to spread itself through organized Windows PCs and influence certain PLC makes’ equipment and SCADA by reconstructing them with noxious code. This was a reminder for a large number of us. Never again are PC infections and different vindictive projects something we can simply leave to the IT division. These infections currently can get to our unprotected control organizes and upset the hardware controlling our procedures.

Instrumentation makers are a few seconds ago start to pay attention to this danger by executing highlights and techniques for securing instrumentation. These highlights may not totally resemble the system security your IT division may execute in light of the fact that the objectives for security are extraordinary. The essential objective of your IT office is to ensure delicate information and exclusive corporate data. The essential objective for a controls engineer is to ensure the procedure and the hardware. To do this adequately, they think about interruption in these regions and pay attention to it.

Control systems are loaded with simple passageways – gadgets that can give access to a potential risk by means of its system interface. Numerous PCs in plants keep running for expanded timeframes with no security updates or hostile to infection programming. This is an unquestionable requirement accomplish for any PC on a corporate system, yet commonly it is left fixed on PCs in the generation territories. Workstations that are conveyed into offices and associated with the control organize by merchants, administration faculty or representatives are another simple passage. Thumb drives are a standout amongst the most hazardous things to your control arrange, as they can without much of a stretch detour existing safety efforts in the plant and just be associated with a PC or instrument. Any infection on the information stick presently approaches the system.



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Engineering Horizons

Engineering Horizons

“Engineering Horizons” is the first & leading technical magazine of Pakistan covering Process, Mechanical, Metallurgical, Mining, Electrical & Electronics field under a single cover. We also feel pleasure in saying that this is the only magazine of its own kind & style, which is widely circulated in all Engineering Sectors of Pakistan.

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As you know, monthly “Engineering Horizons” is the first & Leading Technical Magazine of Pakistan covering Process, Mechanical, Metallurgical, Mining, Electrical & Electronics fields under a single cover. We also feel pleasure in saying that this is the only magazine of its own kind & style, which is widely circulated in all Engineering Sectors of Pakistan.